As I have time I will list some of the most common routine care that you will do with your goats such as Hoof trimming, Disbuding, Blood drawing, Worming, Giving shots and other medications. I will also try to cover what to do in some emergency cases that I have dealt with. Again I am not a vet so if you have a problem please call your vet first or an experienced goat raiser.
A lot of people have commented about our two way gate latches that we use on our goats pens so I thought I would post the link here.
What we feed
Chaffhaye - http://www.chaffhaye.com/chaffhaye-for-goats/ We feed this everyday twice to all of our goats, does, bucks and babies (even my rabbits love it). They all love it and it keeps there coats shiny and makes there milk taste very sweet and good. Adult full size does and bucks get around 3 lbs a day, Adult Nigerian does/bucks get about 1.5 lbs a day and babies get it free choice. NOTE - This is the only Non-GMO alfalfa product that I am aware of at this time, all alfalfa hays and pellets are now being genetically modified.
Here are some pics of a freshly opened bag of chaffhaye, you can see the yeast culture that is normal in some of the bags. If you ever see anything else like green or black mold you need to take the bags back or throw them out as they are bad. (My little bottle foal was helping me take the pics, :) )
Grains - We currently feed oats to all of our does and babies, This is one of the few crops that are non-GMO so is easy to find at most feed stores and tractor supplies because they are used for horses. We feed 4 cups a day to full size breeds and 2 cups a day for Nigerians and babies.
We are also trying a new pelleted feed from Texas Naturals, it is a Non-Soy, Non-GMO Goat feed and it has lots of added Vitamins and minerals, it also has DE and Ammonium Chloride to prevent Urinary Calculi in bucks and wethers. We are still working of the amounts for each goat and I will add that info later, they all seem to love it and being a pellet there is less waste than the oats. (We found this was too expensive in the long run so are no longer using it, our milker now get oats on the milk stand and everyone gets chaffhaye twice a day in the barn.)
As some of you may know goats LOVE treats! There are a variety of treats you can give them. Most goats will eat any of these, but there are a few that are picky. So just try several different ones to see what your goats like best. I give each of my does a treat every day when they finish being milked. I also give them one after I trim their hooves, give them shots etc.
Here are some good treats that our goats like. -Black oil sunflower seeds -Beet pulp (Shreds or flakes) -DuMor® Horse Treats, any flavor. (My goats favorite ;) -If all else fails offer a handful of grain :)
This is one of the most neglected part of goat care on most farms, this is understandable as most people ether dread hoof trimming or dont know how to do it properly. It is really not that hard and if you keep it caught up you will only have to trim a little each time and it will take less than 5 minutes to do all 4 feet. I have put some pictures of one of my does hooves for an example of what a hoof looks like before during and after trimming, now hooves have a quick just like dogs and cats and you can trim too deep and make it bleed. They can have "Bruises" a small spot of red that when you trim it of does not bleed. just be careful and trim a little at a time to make sure you don't cut too deep. It will take some practise but if you keep them caught up it should be a quick and easy task once a month.
The photos below is one of my Alpine does that had been trimmed about a month before the pics were taken.
Front hoof before trimming.
Front hoof during trimming.
Front hoof after trimming.
Back hoof before trimming.
Back hoof during trimming, the red spot is a bruise that I was able to trim off.
Back hoof after trimming, you can see there is some red left but I didn't want to trim anymore incase it did bleed.
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